A common question always arises in the minds of every college student in India that relates to our own way of development. We are continuously gathering all kinds of knowledge from Europe and America. If we study Indian philosophy, sciences, mathematics, etc., we get the ancient knowledge but not the new concepts and ideas which define our life in modern times. Even our traditional psychologists and philosophers like Sad Guru and Ravishankar, who are known as spiritual masters, simply serve us the old traditions of Indian thought. Even Gandhiji followed the same traditional principle of non-violence which emerged from Syadvada theory of Jaina. However, he synthetized this theory with civil disobedience and satyagrah. a. These theories of Gandhi are based on the ideas Leo Tolstoy and Christian ethics.
In the similar manner I will synthesize Indian and western concepts at multiple levels in different chapters. I had chosen Descartes mind-body problem, and will be trying to resolve it with Veda ntic and Samkhya approach under the impression of Jaina philosophy.
I have no intention of showing inadequacies in western philosophy. In fact, it was the greatness of Descartes from whose introspection emerged such an interesting philosophical problem. This problem can also be seen in Greek philosophy, in the book Phaedo of Plato. Moreover, the philosophers just prior to Descartes pro- pounded the same ideas, but the credit for the formulation of ‘I think therefor I am’ goes to Descartes alone.
Actually, we synthesis and interpret multiple ideas to arrive at something new. It is the reason that the newness is an invention and not a Discovery. By analytical approach we can discover the simple substances of a new invention. In this way, I attempt to show that Indian Philosophy is rich, and there is no truth in the perception that nothing new has been found in the Indian philosophy. We are obliged to develop new ideas and concepts through the process of synthesis. An enormous literature had emerged in Europe to delineate and resolve the ‘Mind body problem’ of Descartes, all of them seek to define the scope of the problem. However, most of them do not fulfill their objectives. Hence, I make an effort to resolve the problem and I will present a synthetic solution of the Mind-body problem of Descartes from all possible angles.
Chetan Kumar (PhD), Research Scholar
Department of Philosophy University of Delhi.